Living in 19th century Britain put Marx in the best possible position to observe and expose the inner workings of the capitalist mode of production.
IF HE had not spent the second half of his life in Britain, Marx would not have been able to produce his magnum opus.
Marx arrived in London in August 1849 and remained there until his death. British capitalism was at its zenith during this period and Britain was the world’s leading industrial nation.
Marx was thus in the best possible position to observe and expose the inner workings of the capitalist mode of production. If, as he said, “the country which is more developed industrially only shows, to the less developed, the image of its own future,” then his view from Britain could be said to be truly global.
It was in Britain too that Marx found the theoretical tools with which to construct his analysis of the origins, present state, and future demise of capitalism. In his native Germany, he started out as a philosopher and the influence of Hegel never left him.
Emigrating to France, he was impressed by French socialist political theory.
But his materialist conception of history demanded an economic basis and it was in British economic theory that he found the material to compose Das Kapital.